An Exhaustive Blog on The Golden Temple ,Amritsar

Wahe Guru Ji ka Khalsa ! Wahe Guru Ji ki Fateh! Sat Sri Akal !

Located in the northwestern Indian state of Punjab border lies the holy city of Amritsar.Founded in the year of 1577 by the 4th Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das, Amritsar is home to Sikhism’s holiest shrine  Sri Harmandir Sahib .The Golden temple complex as is popularly known ,is in the heart of the city, surrounded by narrow lanes and a busy market area. Unlike most temples, the Sri Harmandir Sahib has four entrances in all four directions .Along the main gate are the peripheral buildings, which runs along the entire complex housing dormitories, dining halls and administration offices.

Statues depicting Bhangra dance form of Punjab in the Bazar area  outside the main gate of Temple

The Harmandir Sahib is open to everyone regardless of caste, gender, social status, nationality or any other biases. However, there are a few rules that have to be followed while visiting the temple. The approaching roads to the area are recently closed for vehicles so one has to walk through the hustle bustle of busy market area for few minutes to reach the temple’s main gate. On reaching the main gate, footwear and large pieces of luggage have to be deposited at the counters in exchange for a token.When inside a proper dress code is followed where one has to be decently dressed and cover their head with scarves or bandanas, provided at the gate or available for purchase at the nearby stores.

Varandah near the Main gate of Golden Temple

Main Entrance gate

The temple has an artificial lake in the middle, named as Amrit Sarovar . In the center of this water body is the ravishing Gurudwara, connected by a causeway, which works as the pathway for people waiting in the queue to enter the main temple complex. Photography is allowed in and around the complex but not in the main temple.

West Side Entrance




The main temple is fully made of marble with its upper domes heavily plated with pure gold .While inside the three-story house of God one will surely get astonished by the heavily ornamented temple walls and ceilings. This houses the most sacred scriptures of Sikhism – Guru Granth Sahib. An intricate inlay work and carvings can also be seen in the temple’s marble flooring .On the top of this room stands the low fluted ‘Gumbaz’(dome) having lotus petal motif in relief at the base inverted lotus at the top which supports the ‘Kalash’ having a beautiful ‘Chhatri’ at the end.

Another side view of the Temple

The temple complex also houses the Guru Ka Langar (the community kitchen) which is one of the biggest and the largest community kitchen of its kind in the world. It is believed to serve wholesome meals to over 100,000 pilgrims daily ,which are free of cost for all devotees.The langar functions round the clock ,throughout the year .To remain functional hundreds of volunteers cook meals inside its enormous kitchen while hundred others volunteer to serve meals and water inside the main dining area of the langar . This two storied dining area is also quite enormous in size ,where at a time thousands of pilgrims can sit in multiple rows and eat together . In exchange, people makes donations or offer to help around the kitchen or the temple, all of it being completely voluntary .

It is recommended to visit the temple during weekdays so as to avoid heavy crowds.And on weekends, public holidays and during Hindu festivals, the number of visitors almost doubles . So its recommended to plan accordingly. The queue to enter the main Gurudwara can be excruciatingly long on such days. Even on a normal given day, visitors wait at least an hour or two. However, the sight and experience inside the main temple is absolutely worth the wait. Some peace and quiet are required to absorb the vibe and enjoy the trance of this holy house of God.

Wahe Guru Ji ka Khalsa ! Wahe Guru Ji ki Fateh! Sat Sri Akal !

Best Time to Visit Amritsar

It is between the month of November and March, when the local weather is comparatively pleasant and ideal for sightseeing and visiting the Golden Temple.

Best Things to do in Amritsar

– Visit Golden Temple (Open all day except 4 hours at night)
– Visit Jallianwala Bagh (Timings 6:30AM–7:30PM )
– Visit Wagah Border -The Beating Retreat Ceremony starts at 4:15 PM in winter and 5:15 PM in summer. It lasts for about 45 minutes.
– Visit India Gate ,near to Wagah Border.
– Visit 125 years old Khalsa University
– Visit Gobindgarh Fort( 18th century fort ,2 kms from The Golden Temple)
– Attari Station (Last station of western India before entering Pakistan)

Distance chart to Golden Temple,Amritsar

– Distance of Golden Temple from Amritsar Airport- 12 kms
– Distance of Golden Temple from Amritsar Railway Station- 2 Kms
– Distance of Golden Temple from Amritsar Bus Stand – 2.5 kms

Distance chart to various tourist places near Golden Temple,Amritsar

– Distance of Jallianwala Bagh from Golden Temple – 0.2 kms
– Distance of Khalsa College from Golden Temple – 5 kms
– Distance of India Gate,Amritsar from Golden Temple – 12 kms
– Distance of Attari Station from Golden Temple – 30 kms
– Distance of Wagah Border from Golden Temple – 32 kms

How to reach Amritsar from Delhi

The city is very well connected by rail ,road and air .The cheapest and the best way to reach Amritsar from New Delhi is by Railways .Indian railways operates 23 direct trains from New Delhi to Amritsar which takes a minimum of 8 hours of time to reach Amritsar .

Of course ,the fastest means of transport to reach Amritsar from New Delhi is via Airways .Many Indian airline carriers like Jet airways operates daily flights from New Delhi to Amritsar which takes 1hrs 10m to reach .

There is a superb roadways connectivity by a mess of Grand trunk Highways from all major cities of Punjab and rest of India . The distance of Amritsar from Delhi is 500km and from Chandigarh is 230Km .One can also find good road connectivity from Ludhiana from where the distance to Amritsar is only 140km .

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